Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave

Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave
SUBJECT AREA: Civil engineering
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b. 15 December 1832 Dijon, France
d. 27 December 1923 Paris, France
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French engineer, best known for the famous tower in Paris that bears his name.
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During his long life Eiffel, together with a number of architects, was responsible for the design and construction of a wide variety of bridges, viaducts, harbour installations, exhibition halls, galleries and department stores; he set up his own firm in 1867 to handle such construction. Of particular note were his great arched bridges, such as the 530 ft (162 m) span arch over the River Douro at Oporto in Portugal (1877–9) and the 550 ft (168 m) span of the Pont de Garabit over the Truyère in France (1880–4). He was responsible in 1884 for the protective iron-work for the Statue of Liberty in New York and, a year later, for the great dome over the Nice Observatory. In 1876 he had collaborated with Boileau to build the Bon Marché department store in Paris. The predominant material for all these structures was iron, and, in some cases glass was important. The famous Eiffel Tower in Paris is entirely of wrought iron, and the legs are supported on masonry piers that are each set into concrete beneath the ground. The idea of the tower was first conceived in 1884 by Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nougier, and Eiffel won a competition for the commission to built the structure. His imaginative and practical scheme was for a strong lightweight construction 984 ft (300 m) high, with its 12,000 sections to be prefabricated and riveted together largely before erection; the open, perforated design reduced the problems of wind resistance. The tower was constructed on schedule by 1889 to commemorate the centenary of the outbreak of the French Revolution and was the tallest structure in the world until the erection of the Empire State Building in New York in 1930–2.
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Further Reading
J.Harriss, 1975, The Tallest Tower: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque, Boston: Hough ton Mifflin.
F.Poncetton, 1939, Eiffel: Le Magicien du Fer, Paris: Tournelle.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Eiffel,Alexandre Gustave — Eif·fel (īʹfəl, ĭ fĕlʹ), Alexandre Gustave. 1832 1923. French engineer who designed the Eiffel Tower for the Paris Exhibition of 1889. The tower is located on the southern bank of the Seine River and is 300 m (984 ft) high. * * * …   Universalium

  • Alexandre Gustave Eiffel — [alɛkˈsɑ̃dʀ gysˈtav ɛˈfɛl] (* 15. Dezember 1832 in Dijon; † 27. Dezember 1923 in Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur. Gustave Eiffel 1888, Aufnahme von Nadar …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Gustave Eiffel — Gustave Eiffel Nacimiento 15 de diciembre de 1832 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexandre Gustave Eiffel — (15 de diciembre de 1832, Dijon 27 de diciembre de 1923, París) era un ingeniero y arquitecto francés, especialista en estructuras metálicas. El apellido Eiffiel fue adoptado por uno de sus antepasados a principios del siglo XVIII, tomado de su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexandre Gustave Eiffel — noun French engineer who constructed the Eiffel Tower (1832 1923) • Syn: ↑Eiffel • Instance Hypernyms: ↑engineer, ↑applied scientist, ↑technologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eiffel — Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave, Ingeuieur, geb. 15. Dez. 1832 in Dijon, besuchte 1852–55 die École centrale des arts et manufactures und widmete sich seit 1858 der Ausführung von Eisenbauten. Er baute die große Brücke bei Bordeaux und unter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gustave Eiffel — Alexandre Gustave Eiffel [alɛkˈsɑ̃dʀ gysˈtaːv ɛˈfɛl] (* 15. Dezember 1832 in Dijon; † 27. Dezember 1923 in Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur. Gustave Eiffel 1888, Aufnahme von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eiffel Tower — erected in the Champ de Mars for the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889; at 984.25 feet the world s tallest structure at the time. Designed by French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (1832 1923) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Eiffel — (izg. àjfel, fr. efȅl), Alexandre Gustave (1832 1923) DEFINICIJA francuski građevinski inženjer, pionir čeličnih konstrukcija …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Gustave Eiffel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gustave et Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gustave Eiffel — Infobox Architect caption= name= Alexandre Gustavo Eiffel nationality=French birth date=birth date|1832|12|15|mf=y birth place= Dijon, Côte d Or, France death date=death date and age|1923|12|27|1832|12|15|mf=y death place=Rue Rabelais in Paris… …   Wikipedia

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